Eight Incredible Facts About Emu

Eight Incredible Facts About Emu 

 Incredible Facts About Emu: Emus are large, easily identifiable birds with azure heads, long necks, fluffy plumage, and powerful legs. Though they are occasionally eclipsed by their somewhat larger African cousins, the ostrich, they are equally fascinating, amusing, and worthy of attention. Here are several emus facts you might not be aware of.

Emus Have Small Wings and Large Bodies

 Incredible Facts About Emu: The largest natural bird in Australia, emus are unique to the country. With the two ostrich species in Africa being the only lesser species, they are the second tallest birds alive today. They have a maximum height of 1.8 meters, a maximum length of 1.5 meters from beak to tail, and a maximum weight of 120 pounds (54 kilograms).

However, their wings are remarkably small for such a large bird. The emu’s wings have shrunk to less than 8 inches (20 cm), or roughly the size of a human hand, since it no longer needs to fly.

There are no other birds that have calf muscles

Emu’s leg power more than makes up for its smaller wings. They are stronger due to a few unique characteristics in addition to the sheer size of their legs. Among all bird species, emus are unique in that they possess a gastrocnemius. This strong muscle, which is a component of the human calf muscle, is situated in the rear of the lower leg.

They can jump high, run quickly, and swim well

Emu feet feature only three toes, which seems to help them run better, in addition to their calf muscles. The muscles in their pelvic limbs are especially large. Making up the same percentage of their body mass as the muscles in the majority of flying birds’ wings.

Emu runners may reach speeds of up to 30 mph (48 kph) because of their unusual legs. Without the aid of wings, emus can swiftly soar up to 6.8 feet (2.1 meters) in the air because of their remarkable vertical leap. And they are said to be strong swimmers, even though they usually only get into the water when absolutely required.

Men Care for the Eggs and Grow the Offspring

Male emus construct the nest and wait to be courted, while females vie for access to them. After mating, the female spends many days depositing a clutch of eggs in the male’s nest. At this stage, the majority of females leave the male’s territory, perhaps moving on to find another mate, but a small number remain to protect the male in his nest, making their presence known with a loud, booming call.

For 56 days, the male incubates the eggs without eating or drinking anything. During the incubation of his eggs, an emu father may lose up to one-third of his total weight. Once his babies hatch, he becomes aggressive, fighting any perceived threat to his nest and driving away any other females, including the mother, from his area. He may spend up to two years living with the girls.

A ‘War’ between humans and emus was once lost

Twenty thousand emus in Western Australia were looking for water in 1932 when they stumbled to the newly extended wheat-growing region of the state. Large areas of wheat and the surrounding fences were harmed by the emus, which allowed rabbits and other animals to enter.

In retaliation, Australia sent out its Seventh Heavy Battery of the Royal Australian Artillery, equipped with 10,000 rounds of ammunition and machine guns, on November 2. They anticipated a simple massacre. A group of roughly fifty emus was soon located by the troops, but the birds dispersed at the first gunfire, “evaporating like mist.” Out of the 1,000 emus, roughly twelve were killed in another ambush that occurred two days later.2.When the emus outran the truck over rugged terrain, even a rifle mounted on the truck failed.

On November 5, The Canberra Times carried the title, “Elusive Emus Too Quick for Machine Guns.” Many emus simply kept fleeing after being hit. The leader of the unit reportedly stated, as later published by The Sydney Sun-Herald, “If we had a military division with the bullet-carrying capacity of these birds it would face any army in the world.” “They can face machine guns with the invulnerability of tanks.”

They Could Benefit Farmers

In rural Australia, emus have made the most of human presence, according to the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI). Emu populations have spread into areas that were previously too dry because farmers and ranchers have created water sources that the birds may use. Although emus can be deterred by fences, not all farmers choose to keep them at bay. Because they consume grasshoppers, caterpillars, and burrs that tangle sheep wool, some farmers view the birds as helpful.

They Track Storm Clouds to Find Water

When it comes to migrating great distances in search of food. And water, the wheat-eating emus of 1932 were merely doing what they had evolved to do in arid Australia. Even without wheat, emus have adapted successfully to their tough environment. Even if humans had unintentionally created an oasis for them. When food is plentiful, they store a lot of fat, which serves as fuel during leaner times. They also appear to have a sixth sense for where to find water, sometimes traveling hundreds of miles to obtain it.

The SCBI states that emus primarily rely on the sight of clouds bearing rain, but they may also use other cues like the sound of thunder or the smell of moist ground. Emu migrations are dependent on rainfall.